The proposals of the Center

All parties focus on family policies, both for an ideological question and in response to the demographic crisis. The difference in the approaches between right and left is evident, but there is a common factor: the vagueness of the proposals.

The family is an important issue in the electoral programs of all the candidate parties in the elections on 25 September. For instance, Brothers of Italy has chosen to open the document with a section dedicated to support for the birth rate and the family. Despite the importance of the theme and the different visions of the alignments, however, there is an element that unites all the programs: the general vagueness of the proposals, which often are limited to the enunciation of principles, without indicating the covers, a classic of all the political appointments, but not even specific interventions. In this article, we focus on proposals of the Center-right he was born in Democratic party.

Direct support for the birth rate

Within the center-right, especially as regards League And Come on Italy, the logic of reward mechanisms seems to prevail for women who decide to have one or more children. Rather than focusing on creating a context in which women are free to face motherhood without having to give up their careers, the two parties are proposing a series of bonuses that allow economic relief for the loss of income due to pregnancy and the time dedicated to the care of children. sons. For example, the Lega proposes a “welcome kit” for each new born with a 3 thousand euro voucher for the purchase of childcare equipment, while Forza Italia offers pensions of one thousand euro for mothers (and grandmothers ) for 13 months.

Fratelli d’Italia tends to limit its attention to women as a mother and part of a family, so there are not many measures directly aimed at women. The Democratic Party, on the other hand, opposes a concept of birth-rate policies that is limited to “creating exceptions for working mothers”, but prefers an approach aimed at “structuring rules and services that allow everyone and everyone to be and feel parents, without being forced to make unjustified sacrifices “.

On measures other than bonuses, in fact, it is the Democratic Party who presents more proposals: in particular, the program discusses the possibility of facilitating the second income earner (almost always a woman) within the family unit, in order to reduce the disincentive to female participation in the labor market. On the contrary, all the center-right parties are proposing the introduction of the family quotient, which, considering all the income produced by a nucleus as a single tax base, discourages women’s participation in work. The League proposes life-long exemption from Irpef for mothers of at least four children, perhaps hoping for one Sophia Loren effect in the classic Yesterday Today Tomorrow by Vittorio De Sica.

Strengthen childcare facilities

In addition to focusing on the importance of economic birth-rate incentives, political forces seem to recognize the need to offer services that make parenting sustainable, even if the approach varies from party to party. Both sides seem to agree on the need to increase the number of places available in the nurseries, to reduce their cost and to increase access to full time. On the one hand, however, the Democratic Party focuses more on public nurseries and pushes for the reduction of costs up to free only for families with Isee below a certain threshold, while the Center-right, in particular through the proposals of the Brothers of Italy , imagines a greater participation of private individuals, promoting, on the German model of Tagesmutter, company and condominium nurseries. Furthermore, the gratuity of the nests would be universal and not just limited to the less well-off groups.

Ultimately, on policies for the family, Right and Left seem to differ quite clearly in exposing a different vision of the country, but they appear reticent when it comes to indicating tools that can translate into practice that vision of the role of women and the family. . As is already the case in other areas, for example on schools, the parties seem to be partly aware of the critical issues that need to be acted upon, but they limit themselves to making a list of objectives in an attempt to please as many voters as possible.

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Chiara Ciucci

Research assistant She graduated in Philosophy of the Contemporary World, she collaborates with the Fatto Quotidiano and the Post. Twitter: cchiaraciucci

The proposals of the Center-right and the Democratic Party on the family | C. Ciucci and M. Taddei