How to interpret the drawing of the family that a child makes

Drawing is a practice from which you can understand many things about a person, especially a child. observe and interpret children’s drawings it can make us understand their bond with the family and their moods. Children are often asked to draw in order to understand how a child draws his family. The reason is to understand what they perceive at home, what is their position within the family nucleus and if they harbor jealousy towards any member. Let’s know more then about the drawing of the family that a child makes and how to interpret it.

Drawing of the family and how to interpret

babies are very smart and absorb everything around them. At the same time they are also very defenseless, they find it difficult to communicate everything with words and with a simple drawing they try to express their state of mind in the best possible way.

The three stages of a child when drawing

The symbols in a child’s drawing should not be taken literally, but it is important give a broader reading that takes into account the age of the child.

Before understanding how a child draws his family, it is essential know the three phases that he goes through and that influence his way of drawing and approaching reality:

  • The first phase is defined as “motor” since the child, up to the age of three, represents simple doodles through which he discharges a strong energy. Reaching the third year of age also entails a greater maturity in drawing, but above all the awareness of what is drawn.
  • The second phase, called “representative” , involves children up to four years of age. The child begins to become even more rational and self-confident. His drawings become understandable to the eyes of the observer, but bring back a reality perceived through the eyes of a four-year-old child.
  • The third and final phase is defined as “figurative” . It affects children up to the age of eleven. In this last stage, a radical evolution of the child is noted. Conscious, attentive and mature, draws the effective reality that is defined as «photographic realism»they abandon the “intellectual realism” that is the reality that is perceived according to one’s point of view.

How a child draws the family: the elements to evaluate

Children at school are often asked to draw their own family, but the question is: how does the child draw his own family? Looking at a child’s drawing, there are many figures that stand out:

  • the first character. The one who is drawn first is the person for whom the child has great esteem, on whom he can count and who will never leave him.
  • An absent person. This figure can be interpreted in different ways. It usually indicates a rejection of a person or even a strong feeling of jealousy that makes the child walk away.
  • The little family The decision to draw a family member in small format stems from the feeling of rivalry that the child feels towards that person.
  • The great family Unlike the younger relative, the older one is the one who, from the child’s point of view, tries to inhibit him and is the predominant figure in the house.
  • The excluded relative. It is the one with whom the child has failed or has difficulty establishing a deep bond. Many times it can happen that the excluded family member is the child, this happens when he believes that he is bad.
  • The tree. Often in the drawings of a child we also find the figure of the tree. It is not a simple additional element of the design but it is essential. Through the roots of the tree, a great attachment to the family is manifested, to which a deep and strong love unites. On the contrary, the lack of roots indicates a great need for affection.

As obvious and superfluous as it may seem, a simple drawing is a reflection of the emotions of a child. Understanding them is long and hard work, at the end of which you are rewarded with a sweet sincere smile.

How to interpret the drawing of the family that a child makes