Martha, Paola, Anastasia they are three women with very different stories: the first lives in Rome even if she is of Colombian origin and prostitutes herself to earn and provide for her 18-year-old daughter; the second of hers is 55 years old and lives in the province of Salerno with her husband and two children, the third is Ukrainian and arrived in Italy with her husband and her little son to escape the war in Ukraine. All have a tragic fate in common: they were killed by men. They are only the last three victims of a phenomenon that shows no sign of disappearing: gender-based violence. 104 women have been killed in Italy since the beginning of the year. The data is published by the Viminale and comes from the Criminal Analysis Service which analyzes the inter-force data acquired from the police force database.
From 1 January to 20 November 2022, 273 homicides were recorded, with 104 women victims, of which 88 killed in the family or emotional sphere. Of them, 52 were killed by their partner or ex.
Compared to the same period last year, there is a slight increase in homicides which go from 268 to 273 (+2%), while the number of female victims decreases, from 109 to 104 (-5%).
Despite the slight decrease, the number of women killed remains dramatically high. The need emerges to work on the cultural factor, on the perception of the gender-based violence problem, but also on support for those women who report. “There have already been important results, I am thinking of law 69/19 which introduced new crimes and new aggravating circumstances. But the regulatory framework can still be improved. I will make any future reasoning. I am thinking, for example, of the strengthening of measures aimed at preventing crimes against the female gender. The great challenge then is to protect the victims in the process of reporting, psychological support and even economic support. I stress the importance of compensation”, said the Minister of the Interior, Matteo Piantedosi, on the occasion of the conference in Campidoglio, Rome, “Prejudice and violence against women”. “Crimes against women – added the minister – are a very serious and odious phenomenon that shakes our consciences. The most shameful violation of human rights”.
The importance of listening to women victims of violence is also central to the police chief Lamberto Giannini “We have come a long way – he underlined – there are increasingly effective rules, prevention measures but it is important to continue studying and talking of this phenomenon. It is essential “to be welcoming” to the victims and it is necessary to provide “every type of support so that they have the strength to denounce: there is nothing to be ashamed of, when one is subjected to violence one is a victim”.
Meloni “We will refinance anti-violence centers and shelters”
The commitment to refinance the anti-violence centers came from the Prime Minister, Giorgia Meloni.
“This government is and will always be on the front line to fight violence against women and the terrible scourge of femicide. There is a lot of work to do and we intend to carry it forward at 360 degrees, focusing our efforts on three pillars of action: prevention , protection, certainty of punishment”, she said in a video message at the event “No more sun – The dramatic current situation of violence against women” in the Chamber on the occasion of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women.
“This executive will refinance anti-violence centers and shelters – assured Meloni -; we will strive to implement law 53 of 2022 on the collection of statistical data on violence against women, which still needs implementing decrees and technical activities. It is essential a picture as detailed as possible to build effective prevention and contrast policies, solving critical issues, monitoring the phenomenon and also estimating the underground part of the different types of violence. We will facilitate the adoption of protocols and best practices in the courts for an always more effective than the rule on the ‘red code'”.
“We will work – continued the premier – to guarantee the certainty of punishment, to strengthen the protection measures for victims and strengthen the use of electronic bracelets, which are often not applied because they simply do not exist. We will invest in the training of operators – law enforcement, magistrates, lawyers, doctors, social workers, teachers and health personnel – and on the cooperation between the various professional figures to find the most appropriate solutions for each specific case and the most effective interventions to protect any minors involved. We will engage in specific awareness and information campaigns to make women aware of the assistance tools they can turn to – Meloni explains again -: from anti-violence centers and shelters to the toll-free number 1522. Just as we intend to strengthen the anti-trafficking plan for a more incisive action to defend and protect the victims”.