What will Italy be like tomorrow? Gian Carlo Blangiardo, president of the National Statistical Institute, Alessandra Papa, professor of moral philosophy, took a look at the future on the second day of the Great Family Day 2022 edition, Saturday 17 September at the Piacenza and Vigevano Foundation. at the Faculty of Educational Sciences of the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, and Assuntina Morresi, professor of advanced physical chemistry in the molecular and industrial biotechnology course at the University of Perugia. The meeting was moderated by prof. Agostino Maffi, president of the Forum of family associations of Piacenza.
Will Italy become extinct? – Blangiardo wondered if the country is heading towards extinction due to the birth rate. In 1951, immediately after the Second World War, the Italians were on average 32 years old and they had in front of them, as life expectancy, 41. That is, they had a long period in their future and were therefore more inclined to investments and sacrifices that every investment requires. Today – said the president of Istat -, however, things have changed and we are more inclined to maintenance than to investments for innovation and development. Looking at the economic aspect of the country, he stressed that if GDP decreases today, the debt will weigh more and more on Italy, effectively preventing development.
How to face the future? In the year of Covid, marriages halved; in Italy two thirds of children are born in marriages, so the future – Blangiardo pointed out – appears uncertain. Families without children are increasing in society. Caring for children in a family requires a commitment of responsibility and sacrifice that one is not always willing to face.
Italy, always looking to the future, must return to attracting young people; today we invest in them, but then, once they are specialized, they go abroad and the country finds itself poorer. Professor Papa questioned the relationship between man and woman and life and death. The twentieth century – you said – was a century dominated by “thanatology”, almost a sort of attraction towards death that comes to us from the Greek mentality. Starting from the reflection of the atheist philosopher, but deeply in love with life, Hannah Arendt, Professor Papa stressed that everyone is a unique being; no one brings himself into the world. It is true that man was born to die, but he was also born to begin and face life.
Why aren’t there any more children? – Professor Morresi started from the figure of the “thin” family, that is, with very few children or even no children. According to a recent research by the Donat Cattin Foundation, 51% of young people – she said – think about her future without children and 20% always imagine themselves single. The reason why we don’t have children today is not just economic; we live – she said – in a West in crisis but still rich. The real problem is cultural; being a mother is no longer seen as a social value. In the collective imagination, a woman who is dedicated to her family renounces her talents to be alone behind the stove. We are in a world of work designed by males that must be rethought. Women have reached it 3 thousand years, and perhaps more, after men.
A necessary transformation in the world of work – Today we need not simply equality, but equal opportunities, with a model of work that is no longer just male, that is, all-encompassing and competitive, in which a woman must necessarily follow the male model to make a career. Why – it is Morresi church – are business meetings scheduled at noon or at six in the evening, when a woman has to go to pick up her children from school or at home to cook for the evening? And moreover: maternity, as well as the time dedicated to caring for an elderly or disabled person at home, or spent on a peace mission in a foreign country, must be included in the curriculum. These are experiences that give skills that are very important for life and useful at work. We need to rediscover the richness of being a man and being a woman, both at work – where we mutually enrich each other thanks to different visions – and in the family: parents – he added – are not interchangeable, the mother must be the mother and the father the father, and the father support the mother. The more the maternal is recovered, the more the paternal will be recovered. A man is a father when a woman tells him: this is your son. In fact, fatherhood does not exist as a physical experience, but only in relation to the mother’s experience.