Precariousness. 65% of households met by Secours Catholique in Hauts

Secours Catholique’s State of Poverty 2022 report has just been published. At the national level, the association points to a precariousness of the French population because of the financial crisis, health or even inflation. In Hauts-de-France, the situation is similar.

Secours Catholique has published its report “State of poverty in France 2022“. Like every year, “from its annual statistical survey and its thousands of pieces of information collected“, he proposes “an image of the state of poverty in France, through the prism of the people it welcomes“.

In all, more than a million met Secours Catholique in 2021, including 85 000 only in Hauts-de-France, i.e. almost 1 in 10 French people. Among them, 55,000 live below the poverty line.

Moreover, this report comes at the same time as a study conducted by CSA Research for ferrets.com on constrained expenses. This demonstrates that the French spend 36 euros more on their “constrained expenses” compared to 2021, i.e. 1095 euros. In Hauts-de-France, the charges, even if they are less heavy – they amount to 1058 euros per month – have also increased.

Back to the key points of the Secours Catholique report at the level of Hauts-de-France.

In the region, “we realize that the population met has roughly the same profile as the national report“, explains Samuel Prieur, diocesan delegate for Secours Catholique Nord Lille. Indeed, the regional branch sent “5000 sheets of real situations reported by local teams” of the 46 000 nationally.

First essential demographic point: household composition. 71% of them are single people (men, women, single fathers and mothers). Single mothers account for almost a third of the bill, or 27%, against 25.2% nationally. Single men, for their part, represent a quarter, or 21% of households, which is slightly less than at the national level, where the share rises to 22.4%.

80% of the people welcomed by the departmental branches of the Secours Catholique des Hauts-de-France are between 25 and 60 years old. Each year, the range widens a little more. “That’s a bit of a wide rangeconcedes Samuel Prieur. This means that every year we meet people who are dealing with the effects of the crisis and the effects of a small retirement“. However, older people remain a minority compared to people of working age who, for their part, represent 80%.

Particularly exposed to inflation, the most modest households have such constrained budgets that the slightest increase in food or energy expenditure pushes them into the red. But the aid is not up to par. Social minima were increased by 4% in July 2022, below inflation.

Catholic Relief

Report “State of poverty 2022”

56% of people in a situation of inactivity in the region, +12 points compared to 2019

Secours Catholique indicates that it welcomes “mostly” people in a situation of inactivity. “In total, this represents 56%, this is a strong increase since we take more than 12 points compared to 2019“, emphasizes Samuel Prieur.

The proportion of people without financial resources has also increased. “It increased between 2019 and 2021 from 15 to 23%. We welcome more and more people without resources, it is a little more than the national average“This share is also different from that of people in a situation of inactivity”because you can be without activity but receive income“, such as unemployment, daily allowances or the RSA, for example.

The proportion of households in default has also increased. It is 55% in 2021 while it reaches 48% at the national level. Among them, “48% of people who are in default come for energy issues : gas, water and electricity linked to cumulative bills or unsanitary housing“.

The Secours Catholique has calculated the amount of unpaid in the private and social park. “At social landlords, the amount of unpaid is 449 euros and in the private park, it amounts to 529 euros“, notes Samuel Prior.

Households with arrears are on average more socially integrated, with income from transfers or an activity that is nevertheless not enough to cover all of their expenses, and with relatively stable housing.

Catholic Relief

Report “State of poverty 2022”

More people come from the private park

Also, at the regional level, we see “a small drop“people living in social housing:”45% in 2021 compared to 49% in 2019“. In short, there is “more people“who come from the private park than from the social park. Because the latter are less numerous and “insufficient for people in precarious situations“who are forced to go private.”Controlling rents is less important there, you can also come across slumber merchants, people who will take advantage of the most precarious situation.“, adds Samuel Prieur.

The report also explains that this increase may be due to “a change in the profiles and characteristics of the people received by Secours Catholique during the crisis, with the arrival of a larger proportion of households living in stable housing, having suffered the impact of the crisis” of Covid-19.

Samuel Prieur notes that there are “an increase in people living with friends and family, from 7% in 2019 to 11% in 2021“. At issue, the effects of the housing crisis, “people are forced to develop resourcefulness in these types of situations“, laments the delegate.

Two years after the emergence of the crisis, half of the households studied have leftovers of less than €5 per day and per person (or €7.5 per day and per consumption unit), i.e. a decrease from 0.5 to 1 € depending on the household compared to the pre-crisis level.

Catholic Relief

Report “State of poverty 2022”

At the national level, Secours Catholique notes a precariousness of foreigners. “50% of people encountered by Secours Catholique in 2021 are foreigners, although they represent only 7.7% of the general population“.

In the region, the number stands at 38%any further “in urban areas than in rural areas“. Among them, 40% are rejected or without papers, against “32% nationally“. It’s 8 points more in Hauts-de-France.”There is a real problem there.“, insists Samuel Prieur.

There are several reasons for this:the non-support of foreign people in their rights, the difficulties related to asylum and the regularization system“. For Samuel Prieur and Secours Catholique, today, “we make foreign people more precarious“.

Awareness is now necessary: ​​widening the ways of regularizing foreigners present on the territory becomes an issue of general interest.

Catholic Relief

Report “State of poverty 2022”

This is the category of people who suffer the most from poor housing. “When you are undocumented and without resources, you have no rights so you have to find means X or Y to stay in a more or less recommendable network“.

Samuel Prieur regrets this situation. “We have people who have lived in France for a long time, who are competent and who could bring a lot to the country through their work, but they find themselves in difficult situations.“. For him, these people “try to fit in and don’t want to go to England, but unfortunately when a legal route is not found for them, they go through illegal situations“. A “drama“for a France”which is no longer so welcoming“.

In its report, Secours Catholique details the many reasons that explain this precariousness of the French population. The financial crisis, the health crisis, the war on Europe’s borders, inflation or even extreme climatic events must be taken into account.. He is pointing out that “we are in an era of multiple uncertainties, not without consequences on everyone’s daily life, on the meaning that everyone gives to their life, on our ability to project ourselves into the future“.

Nor are we”all equal“to deal with all these unstable situations.”For those without cushioning, the shock can be extremely painful.“. This is particularly the case of “people with the most precarious living conditions, who have been hardest hit“from a health, social and economic point of view, because of”the crisis born of Covid-19“.

All these observations are heavy “worries” whereas “the shock of inflation has not yet produced its full effects“. In short, “people who were in precariousness are even more precarious and those who were on the verge of precariousness have become precarious“, concludes Samuel Prieur.

Secours Catholique specifies that it “ndoes not aim to help manage poverty, it aims to help people get out of it“. Its recommendations are developed around three points: gather, protect and anticipate. They are available in detail, with all the other detailed figures, in the 2022 report.

Precariousness. 65% of households met by Secours Catholique in Hauts-de-France in 2021 live below the poverty line