What fate have the Mexicans who have emigrated to the United States had from the Porfirian era to the present day and what are their expectations to achieve an improvement in their living standards in a country where they have already become the largest minority and the most increase?
There are thousands of images in the iconography of the US and Mexico that illustrate what happened within a map that reflects the presence of Mexicans in the US and their contributions to this society that has attracted them, not only for the development of the country, but also for maintain dependence on their country of origin. They are like endless images of a film that shows us their reality from a map that allows us to enter the lives of millions of almost invisible people, occupying a place in a vast territory of the richest country in the world.
Today, in full festivities of the Mexican Revolution, Pancho Villa is reborn in the US at the Hacienda de Canutillo, Texas, where the Pancho Villa CasaSola Museum has projected the exhibition of those images that help us recover the collective memory of the history of Mexico and remember what happened before and after the revolutionary movement. This in order to unmask the official history in an attempt to educate the present and new generations about the most transcendental facts of the relations between two countries with enormous asymmetries that are reflected in daily life.
This iconographic exhibition in charge of the CasaSola Museum and the Community Educational Centers in the US has the purpose of recovering the true image of the Centauro del Norte, as well as that of its unfinished “Mexican dream”, built after Pancho Villa laid down his arms and retired in 1920 to the Hacienda de Canutillo, Durango, to try to rescue some of the revolutionary ideals that contained the thought of Emiliano Zapata and thousands of revolutionaries who wanted a free and sovereign Mexico without inequalities, poverty and injustice. However, his deplorable murder momentarily ended his successful project carried out in four years, the same one that was also assassinated with impunity, but that today, 99 years later, is revived amidst the silence that has hidden the achievements of those who unconsciously participated and continue to participate in it. revive it everywhere that Mexican immigrants have arrived.
It is a modest, non-profit popular museum, arising from the educational need to establish communication with these new generations of Mexicans and their descendants who have been born from multiple migrations to the US without knowing the true history of Mexico and conforming to the official history. , which hides not only their cultural roots, but also the reasons for their family migrations. For this reason, the Pancho Villa CasaSola Museum exhibits “these photos that do not buy revolutionary happiness” with the aim of promoting and disseminating its achievements in the culture, art and history of Mexicans after the induced and intervened Mexican Revolution.
In the exhibition, the quotes of Generals John Pershing and Smedley Darlington Butler about the Punitive Expedition and invasions during the Mexican Revolution (1914, 1916, 1917 and 1919) stand out.
“When the true story of this expedition is written, it will not be a very encouraging chapter for our students, or even for the adults who watch it,” said General John “Black Jack” Pershing.
In his defense of the official story, Winston Churchill, another of the most important unseen players in this never-prosecuted invasion, was less mysterious and more cynical than Pershing when he said, “You shall not falsify history while I myself am falsifying it.”
And it is that John Pershing, as the visible military executor and great protagonist of this punitive invasion that consummated the robbery of the 20th century against Mexico, initiated by General Smedley Darlington Butler and his invading sailors, knew very well how the so-called Punitive Expedition would change , in 1846, the fate of Mexico and those who emigrated. It was undoubtedly a master plan under the execution of a geostrategic military operation against a defenseless and bled country with more than a million dead and thousands of expatriates.
However, what was confessed by Smedley Darlington Butler, the most successful invading general in the US Navy and who seized Veracruz in 1914, is terrifying. He confessed: “I spent 33 years and four months on active duty as a member of the Marine Corps, the most agile military force in our country…During that period I was a highly paid mercenary for the majority of my time, tasked with clearing the way for the great capital, Wall Street and bankers. In short, I was a mafioso of capitalism… Thus, in 1914 I helped make Mexico, especially Tampico, a safe place for the North American oil cartels.
Remembering the Mexican Revolution in the US could be inconsequential, as some might believe, but there is an enormous need for millions of Mexicans on both borders to recover the collective memory of this reality that has influenced their daily lives after emigrating from Mexico, before and after the Revolution. Especially when we discover what has happened in this past century by registering an endless wave of migrations that have increased the Mexican presence in the US exponentially, reaching more than 39 million inhabitants, plus 8 million undocumented immigrants who have joined later. of the 1986 amnesty and 700 thousand dreamers or “dreamers” in the waiting room to acquire their permanent residence. This population composition in the US inevitably leads us to recognize their invaluable contribution to the economy and development of a country that has not duly evaluated them when recognizing how valuable they have been from the shadows and silence where they have remained. They send millions of remittances to Mexico to help their relatives, who represent a source of income greater than what is received from oil production and who continue to be men and women who can and should vote to defend their personal and national interests. There are also millions of citizens of Mexican origin who have the right to vote in the US and who have had poor representation in the lost territories since 1846, since only New Mexico has had a governor of Mexican origin. The representation of these millions of citizens has also not been reflected in the US Congress and Senate, as well as in border mayoralties where they represent an important force, but not to occupy positions commensurate with their acquired rights after more than two centuries of waiting.
Thus, the official history has hidden, ignored, and ignored the great contributions of the millions of Mexicans in United States territory who, without having known the work carried out by Pancho Villa at the Hacienda de Canutillo, Durango, have achieved during the last 99 years a job monumental by creating large emporiums throughout the United States with his individual and family efforts, in addition to helping his relatives with his sacrificial savings.
For the Pancho Villa CasaSola Museum, it is time to recover our collective memory with the help of graphic history and above all with family identification that unites Mexicans on both sides of the Mexico-US border to build a true (R) evolution, with which existing poverty, inequality, injustice and racial discrimination are combated. This is part of this new celebration that is taking place at the Hacienda de Canutillo, Texas, in preparation for the first centenary of the death of Pancho Villa.
With this, the Pancho Villa CasaSola Museum acquires the educational commitment to disseminate the images of its collections and unite efforts to highlight the achievements of the Mexican population and those of Mexican origin living in the United States after the induced Mexican Revolution, which was intervened in full He fights for the right to dream of a free and sovereign Mexico, and against the 34-year-old Porfirianism in power and the foreign interests that he protected to strip the country of its national wealth.
The historical iconography that will comprise this binational effort to show the revolutionary, post-revolutionary, and modern times that have been lived in different ways in two neighboring countries includes collections from MexiAmérica, Fondo Casasola, Casa de las Américas in NY, and CasaSola Museums, which lack of commercial value because it is a non-profit museum that does not buy or sell photos and that only have an educational value.
* Director of Cultural Diffusion, CasaSola Museums Americas